Cat Bengali - Asian Leopard Cat
Wild cat Bengali (Prionailurus bengalensis, Kerr, 1792) previously called dwarfed, kratkoucha cat, leopard and Asian leopard. Turn and Latin names. Canadian English is called Asian Leopard Cat (ALC). Its home is the area from the Far East peninsula of Malaysia to the south and east to India and the dense forests of islands Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Philippines. Never mind it even higher altitudes, however, prefer staying in running water. Water her mind, can swim well and steadily. Hence comes its Latin name (first described individual was seen as Bangla languages floating in the bay). This indicates even the Bengali cats swim becauseto the spirit of its odor and protect it against large predators. This would confirm their high intelligence, which survive even when their living space is still shrinking. Skillfully fishing. Their prey are also different types of rodents, lizards, birds, troufnou you and the young deer. This small, beautiful brindle hellcat is a very shy animal that hunts primarily at night. We are having a wild rose bengal cat can see in some zoos (Olomouc, Brno) and a few specimens are in the hands of private breeders.
The beginnings of breeding
At the beginning of the sixties of the 20th century occurred in the U.S. for the first scheduled infusible kratkosrstou between domestic cat and wild cat rose bengal. Both types have a cat after 38 chromosomes.Born kittens was evidence that the mating of these two species of cat can be. Since it was found that wild bengalky not in the structure of the DNA gene feline leukemia and are therefore immune to this virus, the crossing of American geneticists initiated. Entail it without problems. Almost insoluble uskalia was the fact that the kittens from the first generation is not tame, and all Cat 'descendants were wholly barren.
Vyslechtit domesticated cat that has a unique exterior and physical properties of small wild cats living in the jungle, but at the same time, friendliness, and fearlessness pritulnost domestic cats, it was certainly the wishes of many generations of farmers.
When in 1981 rearing experiment reiterated American geneticist Jean Mill, in the knowledgethe pitfalls of such breeding entails. Already known to Bengali wild cat domesticated cat each deemed to be its prey or intruders in the territory. I shy wild cat Bengali mother may, in the case of the imaginary threats to kill their own litter. Since the formation of the mother plays a very important role in the ability of domestication, farmers tried under the leadership of Mrs. Mill odchovavat wild kittens under the domestic cat or artificially to teat. Only to deliver results and those kittens were used in another breeding program hybridizacnim new breed.
It was a run on the long-term and sometimes vicious circle. Males of the first generations were barren, without exception, from the second generation of 50 percent. Repeated hybrid breeding,zakrizovani auxiliary breeds (Abyssinian cats, Egyptian mau, ocicat), led to the inevitable blurring of exterior wild bengalky. On the other hand, using the re-crossing the rozplyvaly positive character traits such as accessibility, fearlessness and friendliness ...
Generation polodivokych bengalek
Passw: Bengali cats, the domesticated cat noble, can speak only if not in pedigree cats in the wild ancestor of at least four generations.
F 1 (1st filial generation) is a direct cross between a wild cat Bengali (ALC) and a domesticated cat (SBT). According to the experience of American farmers Character these animals are much closer to its wild ancestors. Born kittens can be very cuddly and playful,in adulthood, however, tend to have a natural shyness.
Grandchildren and pravnuci wild cats Bengali bear the designation F 2 and F 3. Such generation cats remain more shy than domesticated cats. In particular, it can stress loud noises, quick movements and unusual situation for the animal. It is therefore recommended to the busy household and young children. In the case of good care experienced breeder who can get their confidence, lose their shyness and become committed partners who can be your man very closely held. Difficult, however, adaptation in new situations, new people and new places.
F 4 generation and other generations bengalskych breed cats are considered by experts to be fully domesticated cats (SBT) and they behave in ordinary homes.
In the 80 years of last century were the first truly domesticated cats presented Bengali public. Tica (The Independent Cat Association) recognized the cat as a breed of Bengali in 1984, snow and marbled in 1994. FIFe giving such beautiful animals and titles since 1999.
The results are amazing and the variety is one of the largest breeders successes. Today you can meet with bengalskymi cats in several colors - brown, in shades of yellow sand, over a golden beige, cinnamon to red, underfur sedentary (mice) the color is not considered a mistake.But snow (seal lynx, seal sepia and seal mink), silver, blue and rarely celocerne. The last three colors have not yet been recognized by international breeders' organizations. Also drawing bengalskych cats can be very diverse. Distributed to the wort (spotted) and marbled (marbled). Dotting the top individuals were brought to perfection wild animals. It consists of rosette, large nekolikabarevnymi spots in the shape of the ring, similar to drawing a leopard or ocelot. Marbling may also be long.
Beautiful and elegant
Bengali cat is not only beautiful but also very intelligent. After their wild ancestors inherited immensely lively, sometimes fractious nature. She likes spacenot applicable to a small apartment with no outdoor access. With a bit of patience to quickly learn to walk on a leash, much better, and prefer not to walk in a safe terrain for walking without a guide. It does not tend to utekum and hold your territory. It is very playful, even in adulthood. The best game is, of course, hunting and has the possibility of Bengali cat is actually a great hunter. Not only catch a mouse, lizard, or small bird, but also krtka or even a weasel. Most bengalek is like water, not to be the rule. But sure loves company. If this is kept from childhood, is cuddly and affectionate, friendly and lovingly. Coexistence with other dogs and cats is no problem, but can not recommend living with rodents and birds of all kinds. Bengali cat is not for people who want to have it as decoration. It is for thosewho want to live with her.
Bengalky with us
Great social changes after 1990 are reflected as well in the field of animal husbandry. Poboril the notional border, people started to travel more. This is reflected also in the field of animal husbandry, shows there were still new imports. Massive new cat breeds prevent the financial performance.
The first Bengali cats brought to the Czech Republic is likely in 1994 MVDr. Veverka of Zadni Treban.
Today, the breeding base somewhat broader, odchovavaji with high-quality kittens. Their price is still high. The best-known breeder of cats in our bengalskych is Ms Monika Ludvickova of pleasure (chov. station Marmoll)which says: Bengal cats are very rare breed, and their price in the world ranges from 500 to castrated animals to pet up to 2500 Euro per peak exhibition animals. We kept only a few Bengali cat breeders. Those who sell high-quality stock, the price more or less follow the foreign price. It is evident that animals which are not intended to breed, cost less.
Websites of some Czech breeding stations:
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